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The spatial distribution of population in Spain: an anomaly in european perspective

Eduardo Gutiérrez (), Enrique Moral-Benito (), Roberto Ramos () and Daniel Oto-Peralías
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Eduardo Gutiérrez: Banco de España
Daniel Oto-Peralías: Universidad Pablo de Olavide

No 2028, Working Papers from Banco de España

Abstract: We exploit the GEOSTAT 2011 population grid with a very high 1-km2 resolution to document that Spain presents the lowest density of settlements among European countries. We uncover that this anomaly cannot be accounted for by adverse geographic and climatic conditions. Using techniques from spatial econometrics, we identify the clusters that exhibit the lowest densities within Spain after controlling for geo-climatic factors: these areas mainly belong to Teruel, Zaragoza, Ciudad Real, Albacete, Sevilla and Asturias. We also explore the attributes that characterize the municipalities located in these low-density areas: larger population losses during the 1950-1991 rural exodus, higher shares of local-born inhabitants, longer distances to the province capital, higher shares of population employed in agriculture, and larger increases in regionalist vote after the Great Recession.

Keywords: economic geography; Spain (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: R10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 38 pages
Date: 2020-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-geo and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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