Discrimination against gay and transgender people in Latin America: a correspondence study in the rental housing market
Julian Pedrazzi and
Maria Florencia Pinto
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Nicolás Abbate: Universidad Nacional de La Plata
Inés Berniell: Universidad Nacional de La Plata
Joaquín Coleff: Universidad Nacional de La Plata
Margarita Machelett: BANCO DE ESPAÑA
No 2315, Working Papers from Banco de España
We assess the extent of discrimination against gay and transgender individuals in the rental housing markets of four Latin American countries. We conducted a large-scale field experiment based on the correspondence study methodology to examine interactions between property managers and fictitious couples engaged in searches on a major online rental housing platform. We find no evidence of discrimination against gay male couples but we do find evidence of discrimination against heterosexual couples with a transgender woman partner (trans couples). The latter receive 19% fewer responses, 27% fewer positive responses, and 23% fewer invitations to showings than heterosexual couples. We also assess whether the evidence is consistent with taste-based discrimination or statistical discrimination models by comparing response rates when couples signal being professionals with stable jobs (high SES). While we find no significant effect of the signal for high-SES heterosexual or gay male couples, trans couples benefit from this. Their call-back, positive-response, and invitation rates increase by 25%, 36% and 29%, respectively. These results suggest that discrimination against trans couples is consistent with statistical discrimination. Moreover, we find no evidence of heterosexual couples being favored over gay male couples, nor evidence of statistical discrimination for gay male or heterosexual couples.
Keywords: LGBTQ+; discrimination; correspondence study; rental housing market; Latin America (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C93 J15 R23 R3 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 47 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-exp, nep-lam and nep-ure
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Working Paper: Discrimination Against Gay and Transgender People in Latin America: A Correspondence Study in the Rental Housing Market (2023)
Working Paper: Discrimination Against Gay and Transgender People in Latin America: A Correspondence Study in the Rental Housing Market (2022)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bde:wpaper:2315
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