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Regional laws and policies for the participation of women in the labour market

Maria Lucia Stefani (editor) (), Luciana Aimone Gigio (), Giuseppe Albanese (), Monica Amici (), Marta Auricchio (), Rosario Ballatore, Carla Bertozzi (), Manuela Calderini (), Liliana Centoducati (), Nicola Curci (), Petra Degasperi (), Silvia Del Prete (), Pietro de Matteis (), Sabrina Di Addario, Elena Gennari (), Sabrina Ferretti (), Giovanna Firpo (), Michele Loberto, Claudio Salvatore Loreto (), Elisabetta Manzoli (), Vincenzo Mariani (), Daniela Mele (), Patrizia Passiglia (), Achille Puggioni (), Sonia Soncin (), Giulia Martina Tanzi (), Anna Verrengia () and Giovanni Vittorino
Additional contact information
Maria Lucia Stefani (editor): Bank of Italy
Luciana Aimone Gigio: Bank of Italy
Giuseppe Albanese: Bank of Italy
Monica Amici: Bank of Italy
Marta Auricchio: Bank of Italy
Carla Bertozzi: Bank of Italy
Manuela Calderini: Bank of Italy
Liliana Centoducati: Bank of Italy
Petra Degasperi: Bank of Italy
Silvia Del Prete: Bank of Italy
Pietro de Matteis: Bank of Italy
Elena Gennari: Bank of Italy
Sabrina Ferretti: Bank of Italy
Giovanna Firpo: Bank of Italy
Claudio Salvatore Loreto: Bank of Italy
Elisabetta Manzoli: Bank of Italy
Vincenzo Mariani: Bank of Italy
Daniela Mele: Bank of Italy
Patrizia Passiglia: Bank of Italy
Achille Puggioni: Bank of Italy
Sonia Soncin: Bank of Italy
Giulia Martina Tanzi: Bank of Italy
Anna Verrengia: Bank of Italy

No 189, Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) from Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area

Abstract: The constitutional reforms of 2001 and 2003 empowered the Italian regions to enact legislation aimed at removing barriers to effective gender equality. The laws they have adopted in this field are often fragmented � only in a few cases do they form a consistent, comprehensive framework � and the general lack of monitoring and absence of an effective sanctioning system make enforcement deficient. Policies for employment, for entrepreneurship and for work-life balance also differ widely among the regions. With the crisis, policies for female employment have generally been subsumed under the more general framework of support for disadvantaged workers, particularly with participation in the PARI and Welfare to Work programmes. Women have benefited extensively from these programmes, albeit with differences from region to region. Policies for entrepreneurship remain more female-oriented. Despite coordination between the central government and the regions, Italy remains far from the European targets for childcare provision and the North-South gap has not narrowed.

Keywords: gender economy; labor policies; work-life balance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 J16 J68 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013-06
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