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Refugees and asylum seekers in Italy and in the EU

Rosario Ballatore (), Adele Grompone (), Lucia Lucci (), Patrizia Passiglia () and Andrea Sechi ()
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Adele Grompone: Bank of Italy
Lucia Lucci: Bank of Italy
Patrizia Passiglia: Bank of Italy
Andrea Sechi: Bank of Italy

No 377, Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) from Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area

Abstract: The paper lays out a descriptive framework for the recent flows of asylum seekers into Italy and the European Union. After examining the dynamics of illegal entries and applications for international protection, we analyse the differences in how asylum policies are implemented at European level, with the greatest diversity found in the application acceptance rates, the type of protection granted and the speed with which requests are examined. We then take a look at the Italian reception system, discuss its main problems, such as the high degree of fragmentation of reception facilities, and analyse its operating costs. Finally, we discuss the employment performance of immigrants, distinguishing between refugees/asylum seekers and economic migrants, with the former showing a lower probability of employment and slower integration into the labor market.

Keywords: asylum seekers; illegal entries; reception system (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J15 J61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur and nep-mig
Date: 2017-04
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