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The Italian port system: a survey on competitiveness and development factors

Enrico Beretta (), Alessandra Dalle Vacche () and Andrea Migliardi ()
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Enrico Beretta: Bank of Italy, Branch of Genoa, Research Office
Alessandra Dalle Vacche: Bank of Italy, Branch of Genoa, Research Office
Andrea Migliardi: Bank of Italy, Branch of Genoa, Research Office

No 39, Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) from Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area

Abstract: Between 2003 and 2007 the volume of container traffic handled by the national port system increased only slightly despite the strong growth of maritime traffic in the Mediterranean Sea. This was due both to national economic stagnation and to the inability of the ports to extend their operational area further afield because of the lack of good port and land infrastructure. This paper aims to investigate these issues on the basis of a survey of the national agents of the main global shipping companies. The main weaknesses in competitiveness regard land infrastructure; other problems involve inefficiencies in national ports� activities and insufficient infrastructure. National logistics and the supply chain are fragmented compared with the integrated systems of other countries. In the opinion of the shipping agents, in addition to improvements in infrastructure, it is necessary to liberalize rail transportation and to modernize port governance, especially by reducing red tape and granting wider financial autonomy to the port authorities.

Keywords: ports; logistics; transport infrastructure (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L92 R41 R48 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2009-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse
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