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European integration in the time of mistrust

Francesco Spadafora ()
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Francesco Spadafora: Bank of Italy and International Monetary Fund

No 512, Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) from Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area

Abstract: This paper reviews the debate on completing the institutional architecture of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). In response to the sovereign debt crisis, reforms have resulted in significant progress towards greater integration, as best epitomized by the establishment of the European Stability Mechanism and the first two pillars of a Banking Union. In addition, the fiscal governance framework has been overhauled, with stricter rules and more powers at the supranational level to affect national budgetary policies. Because of these reforms, as well as of other policy measures at the national level, risks in the sovereign and banking sectors have been substantially reduced. The paper argues that major advances in risk reduction have not been matched by parallel progress in risk sharing: this asymmetry leaves the EMU vulnerable and may undermine its longer-term viability. Priority needs to be given to closing the gap between risk sharing and risk reduction as, at the current juncture, the former is in and of itself a conduit for the latter.

Keywords: economic and monetary union; banking union; fiscal capacity; sovereign-bank nexus (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E58 E62 F42 F45 G28 H63 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eec and nep-mac
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