EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

German reunification and convergence policies

Juan Carlos Martinez Oliva ()
Additional contact information
Juan Carlos Martinez Oliva: Banca d'Italia

No 51, Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) from Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area

Abstract: This paper examines German reunification from its inception. It shows that after the rapid expansion of the early years, former East Germany entered a phase of slow growth that made it impossible to bridge the gap with West Germany. Unemployment remains high, low growth rates appear ingrained, and persistent regional unbalances affect the social and economic prospects of the area. The long-term outlook is threatened by adverse demographic trends and by the need for fiscal consolidation. A comparison between eastern Germany and the Italian Mezzogiorno shows that both rely heavily on government intervention. This dependency is perpetuated by the evident difficulty of setting an autonomous growth process in motion. By contrast, unlike the Mezzogiorno, the eastern German regions enjoy a high level of infrastructural endowment, a legal system that is both efficient and effective, and excellent human capital, partly inherited from the former DDR.

Keywords: Germany; Mezzogiorno; transition; integration; Finanzausgleich; Treuhandanstalt (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H0 O47 O52 P2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2009-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eec and nep-geo
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.bancaditalia.it/pubblicazioni/qef/2009-0051/QEF_51.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bdi:opques:qef_51_09

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) from Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2021-01-20
Handle: RePEc:bdi:opques:qef_51_09