The Roots of a Dual Equilibrium: GDP, Productivity and Structural Change in the Italian Regions in the Long-run (1871-2011)
Emanuele Felice ()
No 40, Quaderni di storia economica (Economic History Working Papers) from Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area
This paper explores the evolution of Italy's regional inequality in the long run, from around Unification (1871) until our days (2011). To this scope, a unique and up-to-date dataset of GDP per capita, GDP per worker (productivity) and employment, at the NUTS II level and at current borders, for the whole economy and its three branches - agriculture, industry, services - is here presented and discussed. Sigma and beta convergence are tested for GDP per capita, productivity and workers per capita (employment/population). Four phases in the history of regional inequality in post-unification Italy are confronted: mild divergence (the liberal age), strong divergence (the two world wars and Fascism), general convergence (the golden age) and the "two-Italies" polarization. In this last period, for the first time GDP and productivity, as well as workers per capita and productivity, have been following opposite paths: the North-South divide increased in GDP, decreased in productivity.
Keywords: Italy; regional convergence; long-run growth; economic geography; institutions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O11 O18 O52 N13 N14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-geo and nep-his
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bdi:workqs:qse_40
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