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Trade shocks and credit reallocation

Stefano Federico (), Fadi Hassan () and Veronica Rappoport ()
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Stefano Federico: Bank of Italy
Fadi Hassan: Bank of Italy
Veronica Rappoport: London School of Economics

No 1289, Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) from Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area

Abstract: This paper shows that there are endogenous financial constraints arising from trade liberalization. We find that banks with a high share of loans to firms exposed to competition from China experience an increase in non-performing loans and a reduction in their credit capacity. The drop in credit supply affects both firms directly exposed to import-competition from China and firms expected to expand upon trade liberalization, with economically relevant implications in terms of employment, investment, and output. This financial spillover between losers and winners from trade holds back the reallocation of factors of production between firms and sectors, which is crucial to the welfare implication of trade liberalization.

Keywords: trade liberalisation; China shock; bank credit; resource reallocation; gains from trade (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F10 F14 F65 G21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-fdg and nep-int
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