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The effects of structural reforms: Evidence from Italy

Emanuela Ciapanna, Sauro Mocetti () and Alessandro Notarpietro ()

No 1303, Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) from Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area

Abstract: This paper quantifies the macroeconomic effects of three major structural reforms (i.e., service sector liberalizations, incentives to innovation and civil justice reforms) undertaken in Italy in the last decade. We employ a novel approach that estimates the impact of each reform on total factor productivity and markups in an empirical micro setting and that uses these estimates in a structural general equilibrium model to simulate the macroeconomic impact of the reforms. Our results indicate that, accounting for estimation uncertainty, the increase in the level of GDP as of 2019 due to the sole effect of these reforms (ignoring all the other shocks that the Italian economy suffered in the same period) would be between 3% and 6%. The long-run increase in Italy's potential output would lie between 4% and 8%, with non-negligible effects on the labor market.

Keywords: structural reforms; DSGE models; liberalization; innovation; civil justice (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E10 E20 J60 K40 L50 O30 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cmp, nep-dge, nep-eff, nep-lab, nep-law, nep-mac and nep-tid
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