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Does gender matter? The effect of high performing peers on academic performances

Francesca Modena (), Enrico Rettore () and Giulia Martina Tanzi ()
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Giulia Martina Tanzi: Bank of Italy

No 1356, Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) from Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area

Abstract: This paper exploits student-level administrative data on the population of Italian university students, from 2006 to 2014, to analyse the effects of high performing (HP) male or female peers on individual academic performance, according to the gender of the student. The identification strategy is based on quasi-random variation in the exposure to HP peers across cohorts, within the same university and the same degree programme. The impact of HP students, proxied by their final high school grade, is heterogeneous. We found that female HP peers have stronger positive effects than HP males, in particular with peers of the same gender. Moreover, there is evidence that exposure to HP males can even be negative, especially for female students in competitive environments, such as the STEM fields of study, and for low ability students of both genders.

Keywords: Higher education; University performance; Gender; Peers. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C21 C35 I22 I23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-eur and nep-ure
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