School cheating and social capital
Marco Paccagnella and
No 952, Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) from Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area
In this paper we propose and validate cheating in standardized tests as a new indirect measure of social capital. Given the low-stakes nature of most of the tests examined here, we interpret the widespread presence of cheating as a signal of limited trustin central education authorities. Cheating is negatively correlated with several social capital proxies in the local environment where a school is located (the municipality or the province), even controlling for area-wide differences in social capital and for a number of features of the local environment. When distinguishing between different kinds of social capital ï¿½ contrasting universalistic and particularistic social values (along the lines of de Blasio, Scalise and Sestito, forthcoming) ï¿½ cheating appears to be negatively correlated only with measures of universalistic social values (while the correlation of cheating with particularistic social values, if any, is positive). We also document a number of empirical regularities in cheating behavior: (i) within classes student homogeneity is associated with higher cheating (Lucifora and Tonello, 2012); (ii) the presence of external inspectors greatly reduces cheating (Bertoni, Brunello and Rocco, 2013), and to a greater extent in low social capital environments; (iii) in primary schools, cheating is more pervasive in smaller classes; (iv) and a larger share of ï¿½localï¿½ teachers, or of teachers with a permanent contract, is generally associated with higher levels of cheating.
Keywords: cheating; social capital (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I28 D73 Z10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-soc and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (30) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://www.bancaditalia.it/pubblicazioni/temi-disc ... 0952/en_tema_952.pdf (application/pdf)
Journal Article: School cheating and social capital (2014)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_952_14
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) from Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().