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What Determines the Neutral Rate of Interest in an Emerging Economy?

Julio Carrillo (), Rocio Elizondo, Cid Alonso Rodríguez-Pérez and Jessica Roldán-Peña

No 2018-22, Working Papers from Banco de México

Abstract: Evidence suggests that potential growth and the neutral rate co-move in advanced economies. In contrast, this co-movement is not observed in emerging economies. We argue that capital flows may explain this behavior. We focus on Mexico, a benchmark emerging economy, and find that capital inflows may account for a temporary reduction in the Mexican neutral rate after the global financial crisis. These inflows surged during the implementation of unconventional monetary policies in advanced economies. In turn, low-frequency changes in the neutral rate may be attributed to increasing domestic savings, demographics, and a decreasing global long-run real interest rate. These results are largely consistent with other studies showing that the neutral rate has decreased in the last 25 years in advanced and emerging economies.

Keywords: Neutral rate of interest; emerging market economies; transitory and structural factors (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C10 E43 E52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-mac and nep-mon
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