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Increasing the Cost of Informal Workers: Evidence from Mexico

Brenda Samaniego de la Parra and Leon Fernandez Bujanda ()

No 2020-19, Working Papers from Banco de México

Abstract: This paper estimates the effects of increasing the cost of informal jobs on formal firms' and workers' outcomes. We create novel datasets combining administrative records and household surveys data, and exploit exogenous variation in this cost generated by over 480,000 random work-site inspections in Mexico. Increasing the cost of informal jobs at formal firms leads to lower employment growth, lower formal job creation, and higher formal and informal job destruction. For informal workers, inspections increase the probability of being formalized at the inspected firm, but also increase the probability of dissolving the informal match. Transitioning to a formal job due to an inspection increases the probability of being poached to a new, formal job.

Keywords: Firm Behavior; Informal Economy; Informal Labor Market (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D22 E26 J46 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-iue, nep-lma, nep-mac and nep-sbm
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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