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Accounting for Labor Productivity Puzzle

Kateryna Bornukova ()

No 26, BEROC Working Paper Series from Belarusian Economic Research and Outreach Center (BEROC)

Abstract: In the recent decades aggregate labor productivity in the U.S. became countercyclical (labor productivity puzzle). At the same time the U.S. experienced dramatic changes in the structure of households due to increased female labor force participation. I show that changes in the household structure and corresponding changes in labor supply behavior can explain the labor productivity puzzle. I build a model with heterogeneous one- and two-earner households and aggregate technology shocks and calibrate it to the current U.S. data. I impose the household structure change in the model and show that the behavior of labor productivity changes from procyclical to countercyclical, as in the U.S. I also show that individual labor supply volatility depends on the role of the earner in the household. Increase in the proportion of multiple-earner households leads to increase in aggregate labor supply volatility.

Keywords: business cycles; family labor supply; multiple-earner households (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C68 E24 E32 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 19 pages
Date: 2015-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-eff and nep-mac
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