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Poverty and Economic Dislocation Reduce Compliance with COVID-19 Shelter-in-Place Protocols

Austin Wright (), Konstantin Sonin (), Jesse Driscoll () and Jarnickae Wilson ()
Additional contact information
Austin Wright: University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy
Jesse Driscoll: University of California at San Diego
Jarnickae Wilson: University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy

No 2020-40, Working Papers from Becker Friedman Institute for Research In Economics

Abstract: Shelter-in-place policies reduce social contact and mitigate the spread of COVID-19. In-consistent compliance with social distancing creates local and regional interpersonal trans-mission risks. Using county-day measures on population movement derived from cellphone location data, we investigate whether compliance with local shelter-in-place ordinances varies across US counties with different economic endowments. Our theoretical model implies economic endowments will influence compliance with social distancing. We find evidence that low income areas do comply less than counties with stronger economic endowments. Findings suggest targeted economic relief could improve future compliance with public health interventions.

Keywords: COVID-19; shelter-in-place; compliance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H12 I18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 32 pages
Date: 2020
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea, nep-ltv and nep-ure
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https://repec.bfi.uchicago.edu/RePEc/pdfs/BFI_WP_202040.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Poverty and economic dislocation reduce compliance with COVID-19 shelter-in-place protocols (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Poverty and Economic Dislocation Reduce Compliance with COVID-19 Shelter-in-Place Protocols (2020) Downloads
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