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Market Shares in the Wake of the Global Crisis: the Quarterly Export Competitiveness Database

Guillaume Gaulier (), Gianluca Santoni (), Daria Taglioni () and Soledad Zignago ()

Working papers from Banque de France

Abstract: Over the past two decades, international trade has become a privileged engine of growth for much of the developing world. In the wake of the global crisis, countries must pay close attention to their positioning on the global map of trade and production and become aware of how they fare relative to competitors and to their past export performance. To which extent changes in their market shares are driven by exporter own supply-side capacity as opposed to external or compositional factors, dues to their product and geographical specialization? This paper uses quarterly data, covering all exchanges flows at the product level since 2005, to compute indicators of export performance stripped of compositional effects. The resulting Export Competitiveness Database (ECD) reveals that emerging and developing regions, particularly the Asia and Pacific one, had strongest capacity to gain market shares in the most recent period, with changes reflecting growth in export volumes rather than price developments (once controlled for the composition effects). In contrast, ECD indicators also trace the legacy of the double-dip recession in the euro area, which have turned into negative the geographical effects of the traditional intra-zone specialization, despite the generally positive effects of sectoral structure. These measures of competitiveness correlate to nominal and real effective exchange rates, factors that are commonly perceived as important determinants of a country’s export competitiveness.

Keywords: export competitiveness; trade performance; shift-share decomposition. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F10 F14 F40 C43 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-int, nep-opm and nep-sea
Date: 2013
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Working Paper: In the wake of the global crisis: evidence from a new quarterly database of export competitiveness (2013) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bfr:banfra:472

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