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The Financial Transmission of Housing Bubbles: Evidence from Spain

Alberto Martín, Enrique Moral-Benito () and Tom Schmitz

No 1044, Working Papers from Barcelona Graduate School of Economics

Abstract: What are the effects of a housing bubble on the rest of the economy? We show that if firms and banks face collateral constraints, a housing bubble initially raises credit demand by housing firms while leaving credit supply unaffected. It therefore crowds out credit to non-housing firms. If time passes and the bubble lasts, however, housing firms eventually pay back their higher loans. This leads to an increase in banks’ net worth and thus to an expansion in their supply of credit to all firms: crowding-out gives way to crowding-in. These predictions are confirmed by empirical evidence from the recent Spanish housing bubble. In the early years of the bubble, non-housing firms reduced their credit from banks that were more exposed to the bubble, and firms that were more exposed to these banks had lower credit and output growth. In its last years, these effects were reversed.

Keywords: housing bubble; credit; investment; financial frictions; financial transmission; Spain (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E32 E44 G21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mac
Date: 2018-06
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