EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Who Is Afraid of Machines?

Sotiris Blanas (), Gino Gancia () and Sang Yoon (Tim) Lee

No 1105, Working Papers from Barcelona Graduate School of Economics

Abstract: We study how various types of machines, namely, information and communication technologies, software, and especially industrial robots, affect the demand for workers of different education, age, and gender. We do so by exploiting differences in the composition of workers across countries, industries and time. Our dataset comprises 10 high-income countries and 30 industries, which span roughly their entire economies, with annual observations over the period 1982–2005. The results suggest that software and robots reduced the demand for low and medium-skill workers, the young, and women — especially in manufacturing industries; but raised the demand for high-skill workers, older workers and men —especially in service industries. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that automation technologies, contrary to other types of capital, replace humans performing routine tasks. We also find evidence for some types of workers, especially women, having shifted away from such tasks.

Keywords: automation; robots; employment; Labor demand; labor income share (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J21 J23 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ict and nep-lma
Date: 2019-07
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.barcelonagse.eu/sites/default/files/working_paper_pdfs/1105.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Who Is Afraid of Machines? (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Who Is Afraid of Machines? (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Who Is afraid of machines? (2019) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bge:wpaper:1105

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from Barcelona Graduate School of Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Bruno Guallar ().

 
Page updated 2019-12-08
Handle: RePEc:bge:wpaper:1105