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Should the ECB Adjust its Strategy in the Face of a Lower r*?

Philippe Andrade (), Jordi Galí, Hervé Le Bihan () and Julien Matheron ()

No 1236, Working Papers from Barcelona School of Economics

Abstract: We address this question using an estimated New Keynesian DSGE model of the Euro Area with trend inflation, imperfect indexation, and a lower bound on the nominal interest rate. In this setup, a decrease in the steady-state real interest rate, r?, increases the probability of hitting the lower bound constraint, which entails significant welfare costs and warrants an adjustment of the monetary policy strategy. Under an unchanged monetary policy rule, an increase in the inflation target of eight tenth the size of the drop in the real natural rate of interest is warranted. Absent an increase in the inflation target, and assuming the effective lower bound prevents the ECB from implementing more aggressive negative interest rate policies, adjusting the monetary strategy requires considering alternative instruments or policy rules, such as committing to make-up for recent, below-target inflation realizations.

Keywords: inflation target; effective lower bound; monetary policy strategy; euro-area (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E31 E52 E58 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-eec, nep-mac and nep-mon
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Working Paper: Should the ECB Adjust its Strategy in the Face of a Lower r*? (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: Should the ECB Adjust its Strategy in the Face of a Lower r*? (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: Should the ECB Adjust Its Strategy in the Face of a Lower r*? (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: Should the ECB adjust its strategy in the face of a lower r*? (2021) Downloads
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