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Primaries: The Unifying Force

Rafael Hortala-Vallve and Hannes Mueller

No 496, Working Papers from Barcelona Graduate School of Economics

Abstract: We present a formal model of intra-party politics to explain candidate selection within parties. We think of parties as heterogeneous groups of individuals who aim to implement a set of policies but who differ in their priorities. When party heterogeneity is too large, parties are in danger of splitting into smaller yet more homogeneous groups. In this context we argue that primaries can have a unifying role if the party elite cannot commit to policy concessions. Our model shows how alignment in the preferred policies of various factions within a party, the relative weight of each of these factions and the electoral system interact to create incentives for the adoption of primary elections. We discuss the existing empirical literature in the light of our theoretical predictions to provide a new, structured perspective on the adoption of primary elections.

Date: 2010-09
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Journal Article: Primaries: the unifying force (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Primaries: the unifying force (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Primaries: The Unifying Force (2010) Downloads
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