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A Positive Theory of Geographic Mobility and Social Insurance

John Hassler (), José V. Rodríguez Mora, Kjetil Storesletten () and Fabrizio Zilibotti ()

No 86, Working Papers from Barcelona Graduate School of Economics

Abstract: This paper presents a tractable dynamic general equilibrium model that can explain cross-country empirical regularities in geographical mobility, unemployment and labor market institutions. Rational agents vote over unemployment insurance (UI), taking the dynamic distortionary effects of insurance on the performance of the labor market into consideration. Agents with higher cost of moving, i.e., more attached to their current location, prefer more generous UI. The key assumption is that an agent's attachment to a location increases the longer she has resided there. UI reduces the incentive for labor mobility and increases, therefore, the fraction of attached agents and the political support for UI. The main result is that this self-reinforcing mechanism can give rise to multiple steady-states -- one "European" steady-state featuring high unemployment, low geographical mobility and high unemployment insurance, and one "American" steadystate featuring low unemployment, high mobility and low unemployment insurance.

Keywords: employment; Migration; Geographical Mobility; Political Equilibrium; Unemployment Insurance; voting (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 E24 J24 J64 J65 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2003-10
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http://www.barcelonagse.eu/sites/default/files/working_paper_pdfs/86.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: A POSITIVE THEORY OF GEOGRAPHIC MOBILITY AND SOCIAL INSURANCE (2005) Downloads
Working Paper: A Positive Theory of Geographic Mobility and Social Insurance (2003) Downloads
Working Paper: A Positive Theory of Geographic Mobility and Social Insurance (2002) Downloads
Working Paper: A positive theory of geographical mobility and social insurance (2002) Downloads
Working Paper: A Positive Theory of Geographic Mobility and Social Insurance (2001) Downloads
Working Paper: A positive theory of geographic mobility and social insurance (2001) Downloads
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