Economics at your fingertips  

Male-Female Wage Differentials in Botswana

Masedi Motswapong ()
Additional contact information
Masedi Motswapong: Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis

No 76, Working Papers from Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis

Abstract: This paper examines the wage differential between males and females in Botswana. It uses two methods; the quantile regression model and the unconditional quantile decomposition method. Using the quantile regression models, the paper demonstrates that returns to education are significantly different between males and females. Private returns to education for both tend to increase as we move up the education level and from lower part of the wage distribution (10th percentile) to higher parts with females getting higher returns. Furthermore, applying the unconditional quantile decomposition regression model, there is evidence that females are paid less than their male counterparts throughout the wage distribution and the gap increases as we move from lower levels to higher levels. Results show that there is no evidence of the “sticky floor” effect and there is the “glass ceiling” effect in our labour market implying that there may be few females in leadership positions. The policy implications of the study are that continuing to invest in human capital development is crucial for Botswana and there is also a need to value females’ work and attract males in highly feminised sectors.

Keywords: Wage differentials; gender and wages; returns to education; Quantile regression; Unconditional quantile decomposition; Botswana (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 39
Date: 2020-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-isf
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link) (application/pdf)
Our link check indicates that this URL is bad, the error code is: 500 Can't connect to (A connection attempt failed because the connected party did not properly respond after a period of time, or established connection failed because connected host has failed to respond.)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Poloko Ntokwane ().

Page updated 2022-01-24
Handle: RePEc:bid:wpaper:76