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Air Pollution Exposure and Covid-19

Matthew Cole (), Ceren Ozgen () and Eric Strobl ()

Discussion Papers from Department of Economics, University of Birmingham

Abstract: In light of the existing preliminary evidence of a link between Covid-19 and poor air quality, which is largely based upon correlations, we estimate the relationship between long term air pollution exposure and Covid-19 in 355 municipalities in the Netherlands. Using detailed secondary and administrative data we find compelling evidence of a positive relationship between air pollution, and particularly PM2:5 concentrations, and Covid-19 cases, hospital admissions and deaths. This relationship persists after controlling for a wide range of explanatory variables. Our results indicate that a 1 ug/m3 increase in PM2:5 concentrations is associated with 9.4 more Covid-19 cases, 3.0 more hospital admissions, and 2.3 more deaths. The relationship between Covid-19 and air pollution withstands a number of sensitivity and robustness exercises including instrumenting pollution to mitigate potential endogeneity and modelling spatial spillovers using spatial econometric techniques.

Keywords: Covid-19; air pollution; Netherlands; spatial spillovers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 I23 Q53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 29 pages
Date: 2020-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-env and nep-eur
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https://repec.cal.bham.ac.uk/pdf/20-13.pdf

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Working Paper: Air Pollution Exposure and COVID-19 (2020) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bir:birmec:20-13

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