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Does Access to Key Household Resources Help in Reducing Violence against Women?

Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay, Sanjukta Sarkar and Rudra Sensarma
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Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay: University of Birmingham
Sanjukta Sarkar: ICMR-National Institute of Medical Statistics

Discussion Papers from Department of Economics, University of Birmingham

Abstract: We provide the first comprehensive analysis of the impact of three key household resources (water, sanitation and cooking fuel) on both non-partner violence (NPV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) experienced by women. We use data from a nationally representative household survey for India obtained from the latest (fourth) round of the National Family Health Survey conducted in 2015-16. We employ matching techniques (propensity score matching and inverse-probability-weighted regression adjustment) to control for selection bias in the estimation of the effects of household resources on IPV and NPV. Unlike previous work, we analyze the different categories of NPV (i.e. physical and sexual) and IPV (i.e. physical, sexual and emotional) separately, thereby isolating the effects on the different types of violence. We find that emotional IPV decreases with access to cooking fuel and toilets while sexual IPV decreases with provision of cooking fuel. Provision of all three key resources reduces physical NPV but there is no effect on sexual NPV. These results are found to be robust to selection on unobservables using the Rosenbaum bounds approach.

Keywords: violence against women; non-partner violence; intimate partner violence; water; toilets; cooking fuel; matching methods (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C21 I38 J12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 103 pages
Date: 2021-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev
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https://repec.cal.bham.ac.uk/pdf/21-09.pdf

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bir:birmec:21-09

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