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Federal, State, and Local Governments:Evaluating their Separate Roles in US Growth

Matthew Higgins (), Andrew Young () and Daniel Levy ()

No 2008-02, Working Papers from Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics

Abstract: We use US county level data (3,058 observations) from 1970 to 1998 to explore the relationship between economic growth and the extent of government employment at three levels: federal, state and local. We find that increases in federal, state and local government employments are all negatively associated with economic growth. We find no evidence that government is more efficient at more decentralized levels. While we cannot separate out the productive and redistributive services of government, we document that the county-level income distribution became slightly wider from 1970 to 1998. For those who justify government activities in terms of equity concerns – perhaps even trading off economic growth for equity – the burden falls on them to show that the income distribution would have widened more in the absence of government activities. We conclude that a release of government-employed labor inputs to the private sector would be growth-enhancing.

Keywords: Economic Growth; Federal Government; State Government; Local Government; and County-Level Data (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H50 H70 O11 O18 O40 O51 R11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008-12
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Related works:
Journal Article: Federal, state, and local governments: evaluating their separate roles in US growth (2009) Downloads
Journal Article: Federal, State, and Local Governments: Evaluating Their Separate Roles in US Growth (2009) Downloads
Working Paper: Federal, state, and local governments: evaluating their separate roles in US growth (2009) Downloads
Working Paper: Federal, State, and Local Governments: Evaluating their Separate Roles in US Growth (2009) Downloads
Working Paper: Federal, State, and Local Governments: Evaluating their Separate Roles in US Growth (2006) Downloads
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