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Elitism in Higher Education and Inequality: Why Are the Nordic Countries So Special?

Elise Brezis ()

No 2018-03, Working Papers from Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics

Abstract: This paper shows that countries with high levels of ‘elitism’ in higher-education are the countries displaying high levels of inequality. In other words, a higher level of ‘elitism’, i.e., large gap in quality of universities, and tight selection in top universities leads to a wider gap in wages between the tradable and service sectors, which leads also to a higher Gini index. This paper shows that the Nordic countries display lower elitism in higher education as well as lower inequality than most of the other OECD countries.

Keywords: Ability; elitism; inequality; Gini index; higher education; human capital; wage differential. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F12 F16 F66 I26 J24 O14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu
Date: 2018-03
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