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Distortions, Infraestructure and Labor Supply in Latin American Countries

German Cubas ()

No 2010007, Documentos de trabajo from Banco Central del Uruguay

Abstract: I document differences in labor supply between a set of Latin American countries and the U.S. in the period 1990-2005. These differences are mostly explained by large differences in female labor supply. In the U.S. the female labor force participation was 69% by 1990, while in Brazil and Mexico was 39% and 37%, respectively. Females began to participate more in the labor market of these countries when more households acquired access to basic infrastructure and when distortive policies affecting the price of household appliances were partially removed. I use a model of home production with endogenous labor force participation to account for these facts. I conclude that the price of household appliances and access to infrastructure are quantitatively important in explaining cross-country labor supply differences.Length: 38 pages

Keywords: Labor Force Participation; Latin America; Policy Distortions; Household Appliances; Participación en el mercado de trabajo; America Latina; Distorsiones de política; Electrodomésticos (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O11 O14 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010-10
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Working Paper: Distortions, Infrastructure and Labor Supply in Latin American Countries (2010) Downloads
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