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Output gap, monetary policy trade-offs and financial frictions

Francesco Furlanetto (), Paolo Gelain () and Marzie Taheri Sanjani
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Marzie Taheri Sanjani: International Monetary Fund

No 2017/8, Working Paper from Norges Bank

Abstract: This paper investigates how the presence of financial frictions and financial shocks changes the definition and the estimated dynamics of the output gap in a New Keynesian model. Financial shocks absorb explanatory power from efficient labor supply shocks, thus changing radically the dynamics of the economy's efficient frontier. Despite their large impact on the output gap, financial factors affect the monetary policy trade-offs only to some extent. Nominal stabilization can be achieved at the cost of limited (but non-negligible) fluctuations in real economic activity. Finally, we discuss an alternative measure of the output gap (in deviation from the optimal equilibrium) that is a better measure of imbalances in the economy than the conventional output gap.

Keywords: Financial frictions; output gap; monetary policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E32 C51 C52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-mac and nep-mon
Date: 2017-04-27
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