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Extreme temperatures: Gender differences in well-being

Ignacio Ignacio Belloc (), Ignacio Giménez-Nadal () and José Molina ()
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Ignacio Ignacio Belloc: University of Zaragoza
Ignacio Giménez-Nadal: University of Zaragoza
José Molina: Departamento de Análisis Económico, Universidad de Zaragoza

No 1060, Boston College Working Papers in Economics from Boston College Department of Economics

Abstract: Climate change and global warming have significant implications for people worldwide, necessitating an understanding of how extreme weather conditions affect individuals. This study investigates the relationship between individual affective well-being and extreme temperatures, using data from the American Time Use Survey's Well-Being Module for multiple years. The analysis focuses on daily variations in weather conditions at the county level in the United States. Findings reveal gender-specific outcomes, with males being more susceptible to extreme temperatures. On days with maximum temperatures exceeding 80oF, males experience higher levels of fatigue and stress, as well as reduced happiness and meaningfulness, compared to days with temperatures around 70oF. The study suggests that the negative impact on males' sleep quality may contribute to these gender disparities. Additionally, warmer states have witnessed a decline in the male population over the past four decades. These results offer valuable insights into the gender-specific, affective well-being consequences of climate change, emphasizing the need for gender-sensitive approaches in designing comprehensive strategies for climate mitigation and adaptation.

Keywords: gender; weather conditions; extreme temperatures; well-being; time use; United States (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I31 J16 Q54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023-08-27
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-env, nep-gen, nep-hap and nep-hea
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