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Interactions of Commitment and Discretion in Monetary and Fiscal Policies

Avinash Dixit () and Luisa Lambertini ()

No 575, Boston College Working Papers in Economics from Boston College Department of Economics

Abstract: We consider monetary-fiscal interactions when the monetary authority is more conservative than the fiscal. With both policies discretionary, (1) Nash equilibrium yields lower output and higher price than the ideal points of both authorities, (2) of the two leadership possibilities, fiscal leadership is generally better. With fiscal discretion, monetary commitment yields the same outcome as discretionary monetary leadership for all realizations of shocks. But fiscal commitment is not similarly negated by monetary discretion. Second-best outcomes require either joint commitment, or identical targets for both authorities -- output socially optimal and price level appropriately conservative -- or complete separation of tasks.

JEL-codes: E61 E63 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mac and nep-mon
Date: 2003-06-05
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Published, American Economic Review, December 2003

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:boc:bocoec:575

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