Spatial distribution of US employment in an urban wage-efficiency setting
José Gimenez-Nadal (),
José Alberto Molina () and
Jorge Velilla ()
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José Gimenez-Nadal: University of Zaragoza
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Jose Ignacio Gimenez-Nadal ()
No 890, Boston College Working Papers in Economics from Boston College Department of Economics
In this paper, we analyze the spatial distribution of US employment and earnings against an urban wage-efficiency background, where leisure and effort at work are complementary. Using data from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) for the period 2003-2014, we analyze the spatial distribution of employment across metropolitan areas. We also empirically study the relationship between individual earnings and commuting and leisure. Our empirical results show that employment is mostly concentrated in metropolitan cores, and that earnings increase with “expected” commuting time, which gives empirical support to our urban wage-efficiency theory. Furthermore, we use Geographical Information System models to show that there is no common pattern of commuting and the employees-to-unemployed rate, although we find higher wages in comparatively crowded states, where average commuting times are also higher.
Keywords: urban wage-efficiency; earnings; commuting; leisure; American Time Use Survey (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J21 J22 J31 R12 R41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-geo, nep-hrm and nep-ure
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Working Paper: Spatial Distribution of US Employment in an Urban Wage-Efficiency Setting (2016)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:boc:bocoec:890
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