Gentrification and crime: Empirical investigation across American cities
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Alessandro Corvasce: Università degli Studi di Milano and Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
French Stata Users' Group Meetings 2023 from Stata Users Group
This presentation examines the impact of gentrification on criminal activity in urban neighborhoods to determine whether this process has a detrimental effect on communities. The study utilizes a newly-built unique dataset of georeferenced crime reports from 14 major American cities matched with census data to identify gentrified areas in the 2010s. To causally evaluate the impact of gentrification on crime, I adopt state-of-the-art event-study models to causally evaluate the effects of gentrification, taking into account variations in the timing of this process across different cities and neighborhoods. The analysis reveals that gentrified areas experienced a statistically significant increase in crime ranging from 11% to 17%. The findings suggest that gentrification has a negative impact on neighborhoods, with property crimes showing the most significant increases. Overall, the study suggests that gentrification may have a criminogenic effect on neighborhoods, highlighting the need for further research and policy attention to this issue.
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:boc:fsug23:05
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