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Collateral cycles

Evangelos Benos (), Gerardo Ferrara () and Angelo Ranaldo ()
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Evangelos Benos: University of Nottingham

No 966, Bank of England working papers from Bank of England

Abstract: Using supervisory data from UK central counterparties (CCPs), we study a collateral cycle in which market participants raise liquidity in the repo markets to meet CCPs margin calls, before CCPs reinvest the liquidity through reverse repos as well as bond purchases. In the first leg, we find that increases in the cost of repo funding precede increases in CCP cash margin as market participants anticipate increased margin requirements. However, this effect is moderated by the return leg, where cash margin received by CCPs is returned to market participants via the repo and bond markets. The additional cash being recycled by CCPs via the repo markets alongside the increased demand for safe bonds, create counter‑cyclical effects that lower repo rates, especially at times of stress.

Keywords: Central clearing; margin procyclicality; repo rates (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G10 G12 G14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 37 pages
Date: 2022-04-13, Revised 2022-10-24
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ban, nep-fmk and nep-mon
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