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Democracy and growth: An alternative empirical approach

Jian-Guang Shen

No 13/2002, BOFIT Discussion Papers from Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition

Abstract: This paper proposes a "before-and-after" approach to empirical examination of the relationship between democracy and growth. Rather than the commonly used cross-country regression method, this paper compares the economic performances of forty countries before and after they became democracies or semi-democracies sometime within the last forty years.The empirical evidence indicates that an improvement in growth performance typically follows the transformation to democracy.Moreover, growth under democracy appears to be more stable than under authoritarian regimes. Interestingly, wealthy countries often experience declines in growth after a democratic transformation, while very poor nations typically experience accelerations in growth.Growth change appears to be negatively related to the initial savings ratio and positively related to the export ratio to GDP.Partial correlation between growth change and primary school or secondary school enrollments and the ratio of government expenditure to GDP is not identified. Keywords: Democracy, economic growth, O40, O57 JEL classification: O40, O57

JEL-codes: O40 O57 O40 O57 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2002-10-01
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