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Growth expectations and banking system fragility in developing economies

Eugenio Proto ()

No 13/2005, BOFIT Discussion Papers from Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition

Abstract: The likelihood of a banking crisis appears to be higher in fast-developing countries.An explanation is provided in a Diamond and Dybvig framework, where banks are vehicles of consumption-smoothing, offering insurance against shocks to the consumption path of consumers.The theoretical model shows that the higher consumer growth expectations, the higher the optimal level of illiquidity insurance even if it implies higher exposure bank runs.Empirical evidence supports this result and suggests that the effect of deposit interest rates on the probability of crisis is stronger after a period of high, uniterrupted growth.Policies of providing bail-outs or deposit insurance are demonstrated to be efficient even when they increase the fragility of the banking system

Date: 2005-08-30
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Published in Published in The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy: Vol. 7, Iss. 1 as "Bank Fragility and Growth Expectations"

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