Economics at your fingertips  

Costs and Benefits of Inflation: A Model Analysis of Japan and the U.S

Tomohide Mineyama (), Wataru Hirata and Kenji Nishizaki
Additional contact information
Kenji Nishizaki: Bank of Japan

No 19-E-2, Bank of Japan Research Laboratory Series from Bank of Japan

Abstract: Analyzing the costs and benefits of inflation has been a primary subject in monetary economics. This article presents a summary of Mineyama, Hirata, and Nishizaki (2019), which investigates the relationship between inflation and social welfare expressed as the economic satisfaction of households for Japan and the U.S. The authors' analysis employs a New Keynesian model which embeds the major factors affecting the costs and benefits of inflation. The analysis suggests (1) social welfare is maximized when the steady-state inflation rate, the level to which the inflation rate converges in the long run, is close to two percent for both Japan and the U.S.; and (2) around one percentage point absolute deviation from the close-to-two-percent rate induces only a minor change in social welfare. Note, however, that the estimates are subject to a considerable margin of error due to parameter uncertainty in the zero lower bound of nominal interest rates.

Keywords: Inflation; Social welfare; New Keynesian model; Downward nominal wage rigidity; Zero lower bound; Forward guidance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E31 E43 E52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019-07-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-dge, nep-mac and nep-mon
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link) (text/html)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Bank of Japan Research Laboratory Series from Bank of Japan Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Bank of Japan ().

Page updated 2023-09-19
Handle: RePEc:boj:bojlab:lab19e02