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The Effects of Globalization on Macroeconomic Dynamics in a Trade-Dependent Economy: the Case of Korea

Fabio Milani () and Sung Ho Park Park ()
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Sung Ho Park Park: Economic Research Institute, The Bank of Korea

No 2014-13, Working Papers from Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea

Abstract: This paper studies the implications of globalization for the dynamics of macroeconomic variables over the business cycle for a small open trade-dependent economy, such as Korea. We study the impact of globalization through the lens of a structural model. Globalization is modeled as a time-varying degree of openness in the economy. We estimate the model allowing for non-fully rational expectations, learning by economic agents, and incomplete international financial markets. The empirical results show that globalization led to important changes in the macroeconomic environment. Domestic variables have become much more sensitive toward global measures over the 1991-2012 sample. In particular, domestic output and inflation are significantly affected by global output. Fluctuations in Korean output, inflation, and interest rates, which were driven for the most part by domestic shocks in the early 1990s, are due in large part (roughly 70%) to global shocks (and shocks inherent to an open-economy) by the end of the sample.

Keywords: Globalization; Inflation Dynamics; Global Slack Hypothesis; Openness; Inflation Expectations; Small Open Economy DSGE Model; Korea (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E31 E32 E50 E52 E58 F41 F62 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 41 pages
Date: 2014-05-28
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http://papers.bok.or.kr/RePEc_attach/wpaper/english/wp-2014-13.pdf Working Paper, 2014 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: The effects of globalization on macroeconomic dynamics in a trade-dependent economy: The case of Korea (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: The Effects of Globalization on Macroeconomic Dynamics in a Trade-Dependent Economy: the Case of Korea (2013) Downloads
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