EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Central Bank Digital Currency and Financial Stability

Young Sik Kim () and Ohik Kwon ()
Additional contact information
Young Sik Kim: Department of Economics, Seoul National University
Ohik Kwon: Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea

No 2019-6, Working Papers from Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea

Abstract: We examine the implications of central bank digital currency (CBDC) for financial stability using a monetary general equilibrium model in which (i) banks provide liquidity in the form of fiat currency, and (ii) commercial bank deposits compete with the central bank deposits in CBDC account. CBDC is a national currency-denominated, interest-bearing and account-based claim on the central bank. People have access to CBDC via direct deposit at the central bank. Claims on specific agents cannot be traded across locations due to limited communication and hence in the event of relocation an agent needs to withdraw deposits in the form of universally verified paper currency. Claims on interest-bearing CBDC is not subject to limited communication problem in the sense that it is also universally verified across locations as an account-based legal tender. The introduction of deposits in CBDC account essentially decreases supply of private credit by commercial banks, which raises the nominal interest rate and hence lowers a commercial bank's reserve-deposit ratio. This has negative effects on financial stability by increasing the likelihood of bank panic in which commercial banks are short of cash reserves to pay out to depositors. However, once the central bank can lend all the deposits in CBDC account to commercial banks, an increase in the quantity of CBDC which does not require reserve holdings can enhance financial stability by essentially increasing supply of private credit and hence lowering nominal interest rate.

Keywords: banking; central bank; digital currency; liquidity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E31 E42 F33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ban, nep-cba, nep-mac, nep-mon and nep-pay
Date: 2019-02-08
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://papers.bok.or.kr/RePEc_attach/wpaper/english/wp-2019-6.pdf Working Paper, 2019 (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bok:wpaper:1906

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Economic Research Institute ().

 
Page updated 2019-12-08
Handle: RePEc:bok:wpaper:1906