Central Bank Digital Currency, Tax Evasion, Inflation Tax, and Central Bank Independence
Ohik Kwon (),
Seungduck Lee () and
Jaevin Park ()
Additional contact information
Ohik Kwon: Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea
Seungduck Lee: Department of Economics, Sungkyunkwan University
No 2020-26, Working Papers from Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea
Can introducing Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) improve social welfare? We construct a dual currency model to study whether introducing CBDC with a recordkeeping technology can reduce tax evasion incentives in cash transactions, and further achieve a better allocation than in a cash-only economy. Tax evasion does not occur in an economy only with an inflation tax. However, if imposing a positive sales tax is inevitable for central bank independence, there arises an inefficiency associated with tax evasion in cash transactions. Introducing CBDC with positive interest can reduce this inefficiency and thus improve welfare by discouraging tax evasion, and rewarding tax payments.
Keywords: Cash; Central Bank Digital Currency; Monetary Policy; Inflation Tax; Tax Evasion (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E31 E42 E58 H21 H26 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 63 pages
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
https://www.bok.or.kr/ucms/cmmn/file/fileDown.do?m ... 00000020826&fileSn=1 Working Paper, 2020 (application/pdf)
Our link check indicates that this URL is bad, the error code is: 404 Not Found
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bok:wpaper:2026
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Working Papers from Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Economic Research Institute ().