Trade and Domestic Policies in Models With Monopolistic Competition
Harald Fadinger and
Chiara Forlati ()
CRC TR 224 Discussion Paper Series from University of Bonn and University of Mannheim, Germany
We consider unilateral and strategic trade and domestic policies in single and multi-sector versions of models with CES preferences and monopolistic competition featuring homogeneous (Krugman, 1980) or heterogeneous firms (Melitz, 2003). We first solve the world-planner problem to identify the efficiency wedges between the planner and the market allocation. We then derive a common welfare decomposition in terms of macro variables that incorporates all general-equilibrium eects of trade and domestic policies and decomposes them into consumption and production-eciency wedges and terms-of-trade effects. We show that the Nash equilibrium when both domestic and trade policies are available is characterized by first-best-level labor subsidies that achieve production efficiency, and inefficient import subsidies and export taxes that aim at improving domestic terms of trade. Since the terms-of-trade externality is the only beggar-thy-neighbor motive, it remains the only reason for signing trade agreements in this general class of models. Finally, we show that when trade agreements only limit the strategic use of trade taxes but do not require coordination of domestic policies, the latter are set inefficiently in the Nash equilibrium in order to manipulate the terms of trade.
Keywords: Heterogeneous Firms; Trade Policy; Domestic Policy; Trade Agreements; Terms of Trade; Efficiency; Tariffs and Subsidies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F12 F13 F42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int
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Working Paper: Trade and Domestic Policies in Models with Monopolistic Competition (2018)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bon:boncrc:crctr224_2018_049
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