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Gender Gaps and the Role of Bosses

Moritz Drechsel-Grau () and Felix Holub

CRC TR 224 Discussion Paper Series from University of Bonn and University of Mannheim, Germany

Abstract: This paper investigates the contribution of managers to gender gaps and analyzes whether the over-representation of men in management positions puts women at a disadvantage. Relying on personnel data from one of the largest European manufacturing firms, we separate out the factors explaining gender gaps. Adjusted pay gaps are positive, which means that men earn more than observationally equivalent women. A significant share of pay gaps can be explained by the sorting of men and women to different managers. More importantly, gender gaps in bonus payments causally depend on the manager's gender. Accounting for worker and manager heterogeneity, bonus gaps are larger when the manager is male. This is driven by the fact that performance ratings are more favorable to men if handed out by a male manager. We present suggestive evidence that the relevance of manager gender for pay gaps is driven by discrimination rather than same-gender complementarities in productivity. However, independent of the root cause of these differences in evaluations by manager gender, the findings imply that a lower number of female managers increases gender gaps and thus constitutes a structural disadvantage for women.

Keywords: gender wage gap; performance ratings; managers; manager gender; sorting; personnel data; unconscious discrimination (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 J31 J33 J71 M5 D83 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 46
Date: 2020-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-eur, nep-gen, nep-hrm and nep-lma
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