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The Effect of a Change in Legislation on the Wage Gap in Brazil

Jorge Arbache () and Paulo Loureiro ()

No 343, Working papers - Textos para Discussao do Departamento de Economia da Universidade de Brasilia from Departamento de Economia da Universidade de Brasilia

Abstract: The article investigates the existence of wage gap for gender in the Brazilian labor market. The introduction of compulsory open exams applied in Brazil to public service job candidates as a way to prevent clientelism and nepotism. Our hypothesis is that if there is discrimination, so we should observe gender wage gap reduction after the introduction of the open exams. We find evidence in favor of this hypothesis, thus suggesting that there is discrimination against women, even if we assume that male and female employees have the same human capital characteristics within each public sector.

Keywords: discrimination; gender; public service; compulsory open exams (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J7 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010-11
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