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Corporate tax harmonization in the EU

Leon Bettendorf (), Michael Devereux (), Albert Van der Horst (), Simon Loretz () and Ruud de Mooij ()
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Leon Bettendorf: CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis

No 932, Working Papers from Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation

Abstract: This paper explores the economic consequences of proposed EU reforms for a common consolidated corporate tax base. The reforms replace separate accounting with formula apportionment as a way to allocate corporate tax bases across countries. To assess the economic implications, we use a numerical CGE model for Europe. It encompasses several decision margins of firms such as marginal investment, FDI decisions, and multinational profit shifting. The simulations suggest that consolidation does not yield substantial welfare gains for Europe. The variation of effects across countries is large and depends on the choice of the apportionment formula. Consolidation with formula apportionment does not weaken incentives for tax competition. Tax competition instead offers a rationale for rate harmonisation, in addition to base harmonisation.

Keywords: Corporate taxation; tax harmonization; European Union; CCCTB (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2009
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