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Employment and Job Perspectives for Female Refugees in Germany: Analysis and Policy Implications from a Local Survey Study

Fabian J. Baier (), Paul Welfens and Tobias Zander ()
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Fabian J. Baier: Europäisches Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen (EIIW)
Tobias Zander: Europäisches Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen (EIIW)

No disbei308, EIIW Discussion paper from Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, University Library

Abstract: Based on an analysis of a survey carried out by the EIIW/Jobcenter Wuppertal among female refugees, we identify significant drivers of the prospect of finding employment and of being in employment for individuals from this particular sub-group in society. The majority of survey respondents used German or Arabic as their preferred language to complete the survey questionnaire of the EIIW/Jobcenter Wuppertal. Probit/ordered probit and Logit/ordered logit regressions are used to identify the impact of a battery of potential influences relevant for the employment perspectives of female refugees. The probit variable meant looking at those currently in employment (coded 1) or, alternatively, those currently unemployed while the alternative approach was to consider an ordered variable indicating ascending hours worked as a measure of "more work" being undertaken. Personal skills, demographic characteristics, as well as family-related characteristics plus certain types of knowledge/skills and competencies as well as access to digital technologies and social networks, respectively, are identified as being key drivers of employment perspectives for female refugees. For female refugees, access to a computer increases the likelihood of having a job. Marriage also has a positive indirect impact on finding a job. Female refugees with university degrees do not have better chances of finding a job in Germany than those of the respective control group - i.e., those without a degree. It is found that the amount of years women already live in Germany is positively and significantly related to the probability of finding employment, a result which holds across a broad framework of control variables. Concerning the country of origin - using specific control groups - we find weak evidence that women from African countries find it more difficult to integrate into the job market than women from Europe who tend to find a job more easily regardless of their language, culture, family status and education. Refugees from Syria are also rather difficult to integrate into the job market.

Keywords: International migration; labor market; supply of labor; immigrant workers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J20 J61 J82 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 66 Pages
Date: 2021-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-lab, nep-mig and nep-ure
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