ICT Expansion, Innovation Dynamics in the EU and Climate Neutrality-related Policy Options
Tian Xiong () and
David Hanrahan ()
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Tian Xiong: Europäisches Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen (EIIW)
David Hanrahan: Europäisches Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen (EIIW)
No disbei318, EIIW Discussion paper from Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, University Library
Climate change continues to challenge the global economy; particularly in industrialized countries, governments are increasingly coming under pressure to develop and implement adequate climate protection and innovation policies, as well as to co-operate in aligning them. At the same time, firms are also becoming more active in "greening", by innovating in terms of greener products and processes in order to contribute to climate protection, stay at the technological frontier, and benefit from the increased environmental and sustainability awareness on the part of households, competitors and suppliers. Key areas of mutual concern to both policymakers and firms, therefore, include the determinants of green innovations - product or process - and how government can promote such innovation dynamics. Part of green innovations are covered by the European Union's Community Innovation Survey (CIS), while the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) also has data on green patenting dynamics. Using panel data on 35 European countries and covering the period of 2007-2018, including multiple waves of the CIS in a novel approach, we present an analysis on green innovation. The empirical analysis presented shows how key determinants of green innovation from the literature affect selected measures of green innovation. We find that the inward FDI stock intensity positively affects green process innovations (including manufacturing), while the ICT R&D Investment-GDP ratio has a negative impact on green innovativeness. As regards firms with both green process and green product innovations, GDP per capita is found to be a positive driver of innovativeness (excluding manufacturing) and is also a positive driver of green process innovations in firms with only green process innovations - but, paradoxically, is a negative driver of green product innovations in firms with only green product innovations. Regarding the rule of law, there is a positive impact on green innovations. The median age of the labor force has a negative impact on process innovations (excluding manufacturing), while the sign is positive for green process and product innovating firms (both including and excluding manufacturing). A green RCA variable is positively significant for green product innovating firms and green process and product innovators (including and excluding manufacturing). Our findings allow to suggest areas in which national and supranational policymakers should become more active to promote and foster green innovation in Europe.
Keywords: Green innovation; product innovation; process innovation; ICT; Community Innovation Survey (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L86 O30 O31 Q55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 17 Pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-ene, nep-env, nep-ict, nep-ino, nep-sbm and nep-tid
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bwu:eiiwdp:disbei318
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