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China’s road to a global scientific powerhouse

Dabo Guan (), David Reiner () and Zhu Liu

Cambridge Working Papers in Economics from Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge

Abstract: Drawing on the wider ‘catching up’ literature, we examine the rapid growth in Chinese spending on science and technology, which, in spite of its growing infrastructure, remains heavily reliant on foreign inputs. We examine both the economic and political drivers behind China’s scientific development, making a distinction between domestic investments and international technology trade. Firms provide over two-thirds of total R&D funding, most of which has been spent on ‘high-tech’ sectors for export production. The fastest growing research area is in environmental sciences and energy technology. China’s technology imports are shifting away from ‘technologies for production’, towards ‘technologies for innovation’, encouraged by the national development strategy on enhancing scientific research capacities. In particular, we present evidence from China’s imported technology contracts. Energy is the second largest sector after manufacturing in terms of imported technology contracts.

Keywords: China; R&D; science and technology; spillovers; imported technology contracts (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I23 I28 O31 O32 O38 N35 N75 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014-04-20
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cna and nep-ino
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