EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The Origins of Elite Persistence: Evidence from Political Purges in post-World War II France

Toke Aidt, Jean Lacroix () and Pierre-Guillaume Meonx

Cambridge Working Papers in Economics from Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge

Abstract: This paper studies a new mechanism that allows political elites from a non-democratic regime to survive a democratic transition: connections. We document this mechanism in the transition from the Vichy regime to democracy in post-World War II France. The parliamentarians who had supported the Vichy regime were purged in a two-stage process where each case was judged twice by two different courts. Using a difference-in-differences strategy, we show that Law graduates, a powerful social group in French politics with strong connections to one of the two courts, had a clearance rate that was 10 percentage points higher than others. This facilitated the persistence of that elite group. A systematic analysis of 17,589 documents from the defendants' dossiers is consistent with the hypothesis that the connections of Law graduates to one of the two courts were a major driver of their ability to avoid the purge. We consider and rule out alternative mechanisms.

Keywords: Purges; Political transitions; Elite persistence; Connections (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D73 K40 N44 P48 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022-05-18
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gro, nep-his, nep-law, nep-pol and nep-soc
Note: tsa23
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.econ.cam.ac.uk/research-files/repec/cam/pdf/cwpe2232.pdf

Related works:
Working Paper: The Origins of Elite Persistence: Evidence from Political Purges in Post-World War II France (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: The Origins of Elite Persistence: Evidence from Political Purges in post-World War II France (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: The Origins of Elite Persistence: Evidence from Political Purges in post-World War II France * (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: The Origins of Elite Persistence: Evidence from Political Purges in post-World War II France (2022) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cam:camdae:2232

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Cambridge Working Papers in Economics from Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Jake Dyer ().

 
Page updated 2023-01-24
Handle: RePEc:cam:camdae:2232