Economics at your fingertips  

Consumer Confidence and Household Investment

Hashmat Khan (), Jean-François Rouillard () and Santosh Upadhayaya ()
Additional contact information
Hashmat Khan: Department of Economics, Carleton University,
Jean-François Rouillard: Department of Economics, Université de Sherbrooke
Santosh Upadhayaya: Department of Economics, Carleton University,

No 19-06, Carleton Economic Papers from Carleton University, Department of Economics

Abstract: Household investment displays a robust leading indicator property over the US business cycle. It has been challenging to account for this stylized fact. In this paper, we develop the hypothesis that consumer confidence drives household investment. Using a survey based consumer confidence measure for 1960Q1–2017Q4 we find that it leads household investment by two quarters and housing starts by one quarter, lending support to the hypothesis. We then use VAR analysis to identify a confidence shock. Household investment increases and follows a persistent hump-shaped response after a positive confidence shock. The responses of total hours-worked and output also show a persistent increase and so do real house prices. Confidence shocks account for a substantial share of variation in household investment, total hours-worked and output. We show that household investment plays a quantitatively important role in the transmission of confidence shocks in the economy. Moreover, confidence shocks do not appear to be related to movements in future fundamentals, total factor productivity and the relative price of investment, representing supply side developments. Our findings, therefore, suggest that demand side forces originating in consumers’ social and psychological factors may be a fruitful direction for studying household investment dynamics and their relationship with the business cycle.

Keywords: Consumer confidence; Household investment; Confidence Shocks; Business cycles (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D12 D83 D84 E22 E32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 49 pages
Date: 2019-09-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mac
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Published: Carleton Economic Papers

Downloads: (external link)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Carleton Economic Papers from Carleton University, Department of Economics C870 Loeb Building, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa Ontario, K1S 5B6 Canada.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sabrina Robineau ( this e-mail address is bad, please contact ).

Page updated 2023-01-31
Handle: RePEc:car:carecp:19-06