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¿Es la concentración espacial un problema para el crecimiento en América Latina?

Miguel Atienza () and Patricio Aroca
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Miguel Atienza: IDEAR - ORDHUM - Department of Economics, Universidad Católica del Norte - Chile

No 41, Documentos de Trabajo en Economia y Ciencia Regional from Universidad Catolica del Norte, Chile, Department of Economics

Abstract: As countries develop, the persistency of a high level of spatial concentration may become a source of inefficiency and constrain national growth. . The primacy of the main cities has persisted In Latin America, despite high urbanization rates and significant increases in GDP per capita. This article analyzes whether spatial concentration has become an obstacle for growth in Latin America. For this purpose, we analyze the urbanization process and the evolution of concentration in Latin America during the past five decades and identify which countries could have an excess of concentration. Results show that there is a group of countries, particularly those located in the southern cone, where spatial concentration is not only an equity problem but also an obstacle for national efficiency that should be considered en the design of development strategies.

Keywords: Spatial concentration; growth; urbanization; development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O40 O54 R12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 36 pages
Date: 2013-03, Revised 2013-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-geo and nep-lam
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (6)

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cat:dtecon:dt201310

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